Aug. 26, 2020

Newsletter MAFR - Law, Compliance, Regulation

Full reference: Frison-Roche, M.-A., Difficulty of Compliance in Self-Regulation system: example of the Summer 2020 meetings of OPEC about the "conformity"​ for Oil Market Stability​Newsletter MAFR - Law, Compliance, Regulation, 26th of August 2020

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Summary of the news

The world production of oil is largely coordinated by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and especially by its Joint Ministerial Monitoring Committee (JMMC). On 15th of July 2020, this Committee decides to reduce the world production of oil in order to maintain a certain price stability in a context of restricted demand because of the COVID-19 pandemic. 

However, such a stability can be maintained only if each member respects this decision and effectively reduce its production level. This meeting of 15th of July also aimed to get member's conformity. In order to get this conformity, the JMMC declared that it will use "name and shame", shaming countries which do not respect the Committee's declaration and naming those which respect it. A second meeting, on 19th of August 2020, reminded to non-compliant countries their obligation and urged them to comply before the 28th of August. 

We can observe two things: 

  • The term used by the Committee is "conformity" and not "compliance", which implies less adherence to "monumental goals than the mechanical respect of formal rules.
  • In an self-regulation system where there is not supposed to be a need for "conformity", the need for it is a clue that this self-regulation is malfunctioning.

Aug. 25, 2020

Newsletter MAFR - Law, Compliance, Regulation

Full reference: Frison-Roche, M.-A., The always in expansion "Right to be Forgotten"​: a legitimate Oxymore in Compliance Law built on Information. Example of​ Cancer Survivors ProtectionNewsletter MAFR - Law, Compliance, Regulation, 25th of August 2020 

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Summary of the news

The "right to be forgotten" is an invention of the Court of Justice of the European Union during the case Google Spain in 2014. It implies that digital firms block the access to personal data of someone who asks it. This "right to be forgotten", which permits to impose secret to third parties has largely been generalized by GDPR in 2016. This new fundamental subjective right is a very political and European right. United-States which, on the contrary of Europe, did not experience nazism, links the "right to be forgotten" to the protection of consumer, conception which especially leads California Consumer Privacy Act adopted in 2018 to link this right to a situation of absence of necessity of this data for the firm which obtained it. 

In Europe, this willingness to protect directly the person increases the scope of such a subjective right. Thus, in France and in Luxembourg, since 2020, a cancer survivor can thus ask that such an information is not accessible among his or her health data, especially for insurance companies which use them in their risk calculus to set premium amount. Netherlands will do the same in 2021 to fight against discrimination between banks' and insurances' clients. 

The "monumental goal" is therefore not so much here the protection of individual freedoms as the protection of the vulnerable person, which is bye the way the keystone of a Compliance Law, concealing sometimes prohibition to circulate information (as here) and sometimes obligation to circulate information (in other cases, where the alert must be given) depending on whether vulnerable people are protected either by one or by the other.

Dec. 12, 2019

Thesaurus : Doctrine

Référence complète : Malik, A., La conformité dans les établissements financiers sous le prisme du droit pénal, thèse Toulouse, 2019. 

 

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Dec. 12, 2013

Thesaurus : Doctrine

Full reference: Collard, C., and Roquilly, C., Les risques juridiques et leur cartographie : proposition de méthodologie (Legal Risks and Their Mapping: proposition of Methodology)La Revue des Sciences de Gestion, vol. 263-264, no. 5, 2013, pp. 45-55.

Sciences Po's students can read this article via Sciences Po's Drive in the folder MAFR - Regulation & Compliance

Nov. 17, 2011

Thesaurus : Doctrine

Full reference: Bon-Michel, B., La cartographie des risques : de la rationalisation du futur à l'apprentissage du risque. Cas de l'identification du risque opérationnel au sein d'un établissement de crédit (Risks Mapping: from Rationalization of the Future to Risk Learning. Case of the Identification of the Operational Risk in a Credit Establishment)Management & Avenir, vol. 48, no. 8, 2011, pp. 326-341.

Sciences Po's students can read this article in the Sciences Po Drive in the folder MAFR - Regulation & Compliance 

July 8, 2000

Publications

Référence complète : Frison-Roche, M.-A., La prise en charge par le droit des systèmes à risques, observations récapitulatives, in Le droit face à l’exigence contemporaine de sécurité, P.U.A., 2000, pp. 259-282.

 

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