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► General presentation of the book: Sanctions, controls, appeals, deals: judges and lawyers are everywhere in the Compliance mechanisms, creating unprecedented situations, sometimes without a solution yet available. Even though Compliance was designed to avoid the judge and produce security by avoiding conflict. This jurisdictionalisation is therefore new. Forcing companies to prosecute and judge, a constrained role, perhaps against their nature. Leading to the adaptation of major procedural principles, with difficulty. Confronting arbitration with new perspectives. Putting the judge at heart, in mechanisms designed so that he is not there. How in practice to organize these opposites and anticipate the solutions? This is the challenge taken up by this book.
► Summary of the book: There have always been Judges and Lawyers in Compliance Law, in particular because this branch of Law is an extension of Regulatory Law in which they have a core place. This results from the fact that the decisions taken in respect of Compliance are contestable in Court, including Arbitration, those issued by the Company, such as those of States or Authorities, the Judge in turn becoming what Compliance Law is effective.
The novelty lies more in the phenomenon of "jurisdictionalisation", that is to say that the trial model penetrates all Compliance Law, and not only the Ex Post part that it includes. Moreover, it seems that this jurisdictionalisation influences the non-legal dimension of Compliance. This movement has effects that must be measured and causes that must be understood. Advantages and disadvantages that must be balanced. If only to form an opinion vis-à-vis Companies that have become Prosecutors and Judges of themselves and others ...: encourage this "Jurisdictionalisation of Compliance", fight it, perhaps influence it? In any case, understand it!
🏗️General construction of the book:The book opens with a double Introduction. The first, which is freely accessible, consists of a summary of the book, while the second, which is substantial, deals with the need to bring the Judge and the Lawyer into line if Compliance Law is to be the hallmark of States governed by the Rule of Law.
The first Chapter is devoted to what is specific to Compliance Law: the transformation of companies into Prosecutors and Judges of themselves, and even of others. The second Chapter examines the interference between General Procedural Law and Compliance techniques. The third Chapter measures the influence of the reasoning and requirements of Compliance Law in methods of dispute resolution where it has not, with a few exceptions, been present, but where it has a great future: arbitration. Because trials and judgements are indissociable, because legal techniques and the Rule of Law must not be dissociated, and because Compliance techniques could paradoxically be the weapon used to dissociate them, because the power to judge and the procedures surrounding it must not be dissociated, because Compliance and the Rule of Law must therefore be conceived and practised together, the rise in power of one being a sign of the rise in power of the other, and not the price of the weakening of the Rule of Law, the fourth Chapter deals with the role of the Judge in Compliance.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
🕴️M.-A. Frison-Roche, 📝Main Aspects of the book Compliance Jurisdictionalisation
I. THE COMPANY ESTABLISHED PROSECUTOR AND JUDGE OF ITSELF BY COMPLIANCE LAW
🕴️M.-A. Frison-Roche, 📝The "Judge-Judged". Articulating Words and Things in the face of Conflicts of Interest
🕴️L.-M. Augagneur, 📝The jurisdictionalisation of reputation by platforms
🕴️Ch. Lapp, 📝Compliance in companies: the statues of process
🕴️J. Heymann, 📝The Legal Nature of the Facebook "Supreme Court"
🕴️D. Latour, 📝Internal investigations within companies
🕴️S. Merabet, 📝Vigilance, being a judge and not judge
II. PROCEDURAL LAW IN COMPLIANCE LAW
🕴️N. Cayrol, 📝Procedural Principles in Compliance Law
🕴️B. Sillaman, 📝Taking the Compliance U.S. Procedural Experience globally
🕴️A. Linden, 📝Motivation and publicity of the decisions of the Restricted formation of the French Personal Data Protection Authority (Commission nationale de l'informatique et des libertés - CNIL) in a compliance perspective
🕴️S. Scemla, & 🕴️D. Paillot, 📝The difficulty for Compliance Enforcement Authorities to comprehend the Rights of the Defence in compliance matters
🕴️M.-A. Frison-Roche, 📝Adjusting General Procedural Law to Compliance Law by the nature of things
III. ARTICULATION BETWEEN COMPLIANCE LAW AND INTERNATIONAL ARBITRATION
🕴️J.-B. Racine, 📝Compliance and arbitration. An attempt at problematisation
🕴️E. Silva-Romero & 🕴️R. Legru, 📝What place is there for compliance in investment arbitration?
🕴️M. Audit, 📝The arbitrator's position on compliance
IV. THE JUDGE IN COMPLIANCE LAW
🕴️M.-A. Frison-Roche, 📝The Judge, the Compliance Obligation and the Company. The Compliance Evidence System
🕴️J. Morel-Maroger, 📝The application of compliance standards by European Union judges
🕴️O. Douvreleur, 📝Compliance and Judge of the Law
🕴️F. Raynaud, 📝The Administrative Judge and Compliance
🕴️E. Wennerström, 📝Some Reflections on Compliance and the European Court of Human Rights