Les articles récents

Oct. 3, 2014

Présentation : H.1. Conférences prononcées en France

If one admits that Regulation is identified by the balancing of the principle of competition with another principle, a-competitive or anti-competitive, then peace is destined to slip into this technical definition of Regulation . So, it is possible to conceive relagulating of trade in terms of peace.
Indeed, if we consider that liberalism has links with competition, we can instead consider economic mechanisms which are "colored" by the concern for social justice, equitable distribution of wealth. For example the construction of infrastructure for the future common good can be interpreted as being relied on the concept of peace, conceived as Kantian project. Organized in this sensee, the regulation belongs to the public international law.
But we can design a system in a more economic perspective, more for the right business. Thus, the example "oil against food" program that you can just read it as a regulation of commerce, shows this sort of trade regulation is built to engender peace negatively  preventing build up war chests and allowing the citizens to be transformed in consumers.Furthermore, when the limitation of the rights of creditors had been done ​​by CERDI , it had been on behalf of the right of States to exercise a power expressly to "regulate" its money in disfavor th creditors but to bring peace through devaluation so that citizens can remain consumers.

Can we go further? Can we go beyond casuistry?

Sept. 23, 2014

Présentation : Direction de la collection "Cours-Série Droit privé", Editions Dalloz (33)

This "course", the 5th edition just out, shows how civil procedure is a major discipline of private law insofar as it contributes to realize the rights of persons. The procedure is the law of the civil trial, it organizes it.

This manual explains in the first part, the principles that govern individual right granted to a litigant access to a judge. In the second part, it details the main mechanisms that govern the conduct of civil cases.

Primarily designed for the attention of undergraduate and master, this book will also interest those who are eager to know and understand the progress of the civil trial.

Sept. 2, 2014

Enseignements : Grandes Questions du Droit, Semestre d'Automne 2014

We sometimes believe Law is the new rules decided by the binding power of the State, rules which are only "positive law".

This is false.

Because current Law is the result of History (I), it is easy to see it through French institutions built in historical periods and conserved (II). But if it is true, how to really build Europe ? (III).

I. Current Law is the result of History. Thus, the French law that governs us is the result of the history of French law, which itself was "polished" by the History of France. It cannot  be understood if one ignores everything that happened before, because history is still alive in the present legal rules. The Roman law, that medieval law, the law of the Old Regime, the "intermediate law" of the French Revolution are all present. Therefore, the strong influences of the North American law after the Second World War and European integration can cause some problems. Certainly, the law as it is an autonomous normative system raised its neutrality with respect to historical facts, especialy with cases on Nazis' behavior or genocides, but it is not a simple question.

II. This impregnation of the law by its History says that all French institutional organization is marked by its history, including politics, the primary role of the executive, the place given to Parliament, the little regard for the Constitution, and aggressive ignorance of the judge is rooted in the French history. The French judicial organization itself is the result of the history of France, by the duality of orders of courts, as are the judicial courts in the relationship between the seat and the floor.

III. Today, we tend to undermine the relationship between Law and History. If we don't, how do we build Europe between such different Nations? Whereas Europe includes Common Law countries and countries of Civil Law? If we don't separate Law and History, then Europe should only be a market area, except in finding a common core to all European histories, that could be the respects of human beings.









April 25, 2014     ( updated: Sept. 1, 2014 )

Présentation : H. Working Papers

This working paper was prepared as a basis for a contribution to a forthcoming volume of the collection Le rapport moral de l'Argent dans le Monde ( The Moral Report of Money in the World).
It develops the idea that everyone has the impression that the law is more powerful than ever in banking and financial regulation: Law invades everything and appears in its most terrible form that is criminal and repressive administrative law. It seems that the beginning everything is law !
But in reality, we must consider that the law is lower than ever. Indeed, if the law of banking and financial regulation became primarily repressive, it is because it is weak. It took the form of a multitude of microscopic rules and  punishment is only leaning to any prescription its force. But repression has lost its autonomy, whereas it became a sort of simple enforcement.
Moreover, the legislation degenereted in regulations. The regulation goes into a random pile of incomprehensible and complexe requirements. On the contrary, the operators would need a law that fixed in advance and clearly a few and strong lines of conduct.
So it is a weak law and shoddy to which the banking and financial regulators are building for the future. It will be severe only because it will be weak and  poorly done.

The lawyer can only be as chagrined as the financial could.

Sept. 1, 2014

Présentation : Direction de la collection "Cours-Série Droit privé", Editions Dalloz (33)

In this "Course" for both students and practitioners whose 9th edition just out, Daniel Mainguy outlines specific legal technics to various special contracts depending on whether they relate to a thing or a service .

For each special contract, the book explains the rules of its own and draw in both the Civil Code and the laws of its own, and the jurisprudence that has accumulated about it.

"Usual Contracts" better than "special contracts", they reflect all our lives, from the everyday (sale, loan, etc.) to the most sophisticated packages.

Aug. 18, 2014

Présentation : Direction de la collection "Cours-Série Droit privé", Editions Dalloz (33)

This "course", the second edition, was just released, outlines the "judicial institutions," a term happily replaced that of "Judiciary" that is to say, the principles, structures and people that allow achieving the mission of settling disputes and say the law.

Are analyzed administrative and judicial justice, courts and actors such as judges and court officers, including lawyers.

The book is aimed at students and those preparing administrative examinations or for example the entrance examination to the training schools of the Bars.

Aug. 13, 2014

Anthology of questions

It is therefore necessary to take the statement for granted: the law expresses "the spirit of a people." We want to believe, since Savigny stated it
Following the great author does not avoid explaining the meaning of such a statement. Expressing the historical conception of law means that all legal events are the result of a culture of a "people", which has been built over the centuries. Thus, because a French "people" are, there is a French law that reflects this.

If this is true, then the implications of this fact are considerable. First, in order for a law to be effective, coherent and applied, it must correspond to the "spirit" of the people to whom it applies. The legislature and the courts must make it part of their art, not to rush a historical movement, do not ignore it,but to  adopt the pace. Therefore, foreign legal techniques cannot be welcome.
The most important sources of law are the most spontaneous, that is to say, those in which people forge through the centuries of usage and customs. The law written on a white sheet of paper is a mistake, unless it is itself covered by a long period after.
The legislator and the judge should have taken to the method of knowing the spirit of their society in which they move: the sociology and history cease to be ancillary to become positive law. In this, the common law rooted in its "stare decisis" better expresses this conception than does the system of Civil Law.

But more importantly, there has to be a "people" whose mind law would collect. As rightly pointed out by the German Constitutional Court in 2009, there is no "European people". So how can we build Europe? While the French, British, German, Italian, Spanish, peoples etc. have such a different mind, and that expansion now brings us to the Slavic soul?

Aug. 7, 2014

Présentation : Direction de la collection "Cours-Série Droit privé", Editions Dalloz (33)

Professor Jean-Baptiste Seube just released the 7th ed. of his book on Law of Security Interests.

A security interest gives the creditor an additional chance to get paid. Full of property law and contract law, securities law strikes a balance between protecting the interests of creditors and interest expense. The manual gives the characteristic features of personal guarantees and guarantees given on things.

This Course is 255 pages.