Full reference : Tardieu, H., Data Sovereignty and Compliance , in M.-A. (dir.), Compliance Tools, série "Régulations & Compliance", Journal of Regulation & Compliance and Dalloz, 2020, to be published.
Summary of the article (by Marie-Anne Frison-Roche)
After having considered that Europe had in terms of power "lost the battle" of personal data, the author asks for the same error, linked to a lack of interest at the start, not be repeated concerning "company data". The European Commission having affirmed its will in 2020, it is now necessary to build a "European ecosystem" for the sharing of industrial data in confidence.
For this, the author explains that it is necessary to develop "incentives for the sharing of company data", in order to increase their available volume and fuel common progress in Artificial Intelligence between European companies and to use common complementary data, which 'none could generate alone, allowing the creation of new services.
These incentives can be new and adapted "regulations", but also the adoption by the industry of a "common data model". But the author stresses that it is necessary to go, by experiments allowed by the "regulatory sandboxes".
This will allow the deployment of data sharing, with Compliance being able to contribute to it, a path for a sovereign Europe of shared industrial data, a monumental objective which can thus be achieved.