Robert Badinter is a French lawyer, who also was a law professor. He is most famous for having fought as a lawyer in serious criminal cases during which he stated that the death penalty itself was unacceptable, regardless of the cause. Then, in 1981, as Minister of Justice François Mitterrand, he obtained the abolition of the death penalty. Subsequently, in 1986, he became President of the "Conseil constitutionnel" (French Constitutional Council). He defended on the occasion of its various functions his conception of human rights, obtained changes in the legal system in this direction and published extensively on these topics.