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Full reference : Galland, M., The Regulator's Inspection of the Effectiveness of the Compliance Tools Implemented by the Company, in Frison-Roche, M.-A. (ed.), Compliance Tools, serie "Régulations & Compliance", Journal of Regulation & Compliance and Bruylant, 2021, p. 211-224.
Summary of the article (done by Marie-Anne Frison-Roche)
The author underlines the complexity of the measure of the effectivity of compliance tools because the measure of the risks cannot be mechanical, the exercise is a cost whose the advantage does not appear immediately, the essential is in the behaviors that the firm masters with difficulty while these are results that are evaluated, because Compliance tools must be effective and produce tangible results.
To do that, the regulator intervenes in Ex Ante in order to the applicable texts are understandable by the firm and in order to the tool is working. When a noncompliance occurs, the regulator must beyond the sanction build on this measure of ineffectiveness to lead operators to improve their systems. Thus, it is in terms of "Compliance effort" that the regulator's control works, especially through the observation of an "embodied exemplarity".